Trichomoniasis is a common type of vaginitis. It is caused by a microscopic organism called trichomona. It is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and is spread by having sex with an infected partner.
What are the symptoms of trichomona?
Trichomoniasis (also called “trich”) often causes no symptoms, especially in men. In women it can cause vaginal itching, watery vaginal discharge, vaginal odor, urinary frequency and pain with urination. It is self-limited and does not lead to any other more serious problems, but it should be treated to prevent transmission to others.
How is it diagnosed?
Your doctor will do a pelvic exam and collect some of vaginal discharge. The discharge will be examined under the microscope looking for distinctive trichomona organisms, as well as other causes of vaginitis like yeast and Gardnerella. Usually your doctor will recommend sending a specimen to also screen for other STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia.
How is it treated?
Treatment is with Flagyl (metronidazole). All partners should be treated at the same time as well to prevent re-infection.
Avoid alcohol while taking metronidazole as the combination can cause a serious reaction. It is best to abstain from sex while being treated to avoid more vaginal irritation.
Symptoms of more serious disease
Trichimoniasis should not cause abdominal or pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, or fever. If any of these symptoms occur you should call your doctor.
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